HIV/AIDS Deaths Decline In NYC
Posted by pozlife on January 12, 2008
by 365Gay.com Newscenter Staff
Posted: January 9, 2008 – 1:00 pm ET
(New York City) Deaths in New York City from HIV/AIDS fell by nearly 15 percent in 2006 the city health department said Wednesday.
In a report on morbidity the city said that along with HIV/AIDS there also was drop in the number of deaths from diabetes, chronic lung disease and kidney failure. The only leading killer that increased significantly was substance use.
Heart disease and cancer remained the city’s biggest killers, claiming 21,844 lives and 13,116 lives, respectively. The figures come from the latest Annual Summary of Vital Statistics, the definitive registry of births and deaths in New York City.
HIV/AIDS deaths dropped from 1,419 in 2005 to 1,209 in 2006. The decline was reflected in both sexes and all ethnic groups.
"Numbers this low have not been seen since 1984, when New York City recorded 952 deaths from AIDS," the health department report said.
Researchers attribute the continuing decline to several factors, including a lower infection rate among injecting drug users – partly due to syringe exchange programs- increased health services for injecting drug users, a declining population of injecting drug users, expanded HIV testing and referral to care, and slower disease progression among people receiving antiretroviral therapy.
Nevertheless, the report said, HIV mortality is still concentrated among NYC’s minority populations, with roughly 34 percent of HIV deaths occurring among black men and 21 percent among black women. Eleven percent of HIV deaths occur among white men and 3 percent among white women.
The report also showed that, based on 2005 data, life expectancy in NYC is growing. Women’s life expectancy rose by 2.5 months, reaching a record 81.3 years. Male life expectancy held steady at 75.7 years in 2005, while overall life expectancy increased from 78.6 years to 78.7 years.
"New Yorkers are living longer, healthier lives," said Dr. Thomas R. Frieden, New York City Heath Commissioner, "but too many New Yorkers are still dying from preventable causes. The leading causes of premature death can be prevented by quitting smoking, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, reducing risky sex and using condoms to avoid HIV, and living free of alcohol and drug dependence. We are working with community groups and health providers to help all New Yorkers achieve better health."
New HIV diagnoses have recently increased among young men who have sex with men, but the trend has yet to affect mortality rates, the report noted.
Last fall the health department released preliminary data showing that HIV is on the rise among young men who have sex with men, particularly among young blacks and Hispanics. (story)
New HIV diagnoses among MSM under age 30 increased by 33 percent from 2001 through 2006 – from 374 in 2001 to almost 500 in 2006.
New diagnoses have doubled among MSM ages 13 to19, while declining by 22 percent among older MSM.
The under-30 group now accounts for 44% of all new diagnoses among MSM in New York City, up from 31% in 2001.
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